Cambodian History is long and complicated. It comes from the fact that Cambodia has been always at the center of regional and global interests. It is right at the center of the Southeast Asia and the Indochina Peninsula. In this way, we have a small country where other big ones have been always poring their nose. If Thailand is proud to be the only country of the world that never has been invaded by another nation, Cambodia must be proud to has survived centuries of attempts to make it part of others. The Cambodian spirit has shown to the powerful what resistance means.
Here a short summary of the Cambodian History for beginners.
Cambodia as a people has a story of two thousand years and it begins when the Brahmins of India arrived to the Indochina Peninsula and mixed with the ancient local tribes – an older mixture of Sino-Mongolian and Australasian peoples traced in the region since 12 thousand years ago. Any attempt to see Cambodians or any other Southeast Asian country as a single race will crush with the fact that it is a region of human encounters between different races. Read More…
- There are about 20,000 Roman Catholic Christians in modern Cambodia representing the 0.15% of the total population that is mostly Buddhist.
- Although Protestant churches state that they made the 2% of the Cambodian population with about 1,000 worship places in the country, their number is not official and they could be less than 10,000.
- The second largest religious group of Cambodia is Muslims represented in the Cham minority that could be much largest than all Christians combined.
Cambodia is one of those few countries with a State Official Religion according to its Political Constitution: Theravada Buddhism:
“Cambodian Citizens of both sexes shall have the right to belief. The freedom of religious belief and practices shall be guaranteed by the State on condition that they do not affect other beliefs, orders and public security. Buddhism is the State religion.” (Art. 43)
Let us make speculations of this news of the verdict of Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea by ECCC this week. Let us suppose that it was not ECCC but a Khmer Rouge tribunal to investigate their cases leaded by… Duch, for example: first both seniors would endured long sessions of torture. Why to take the fatigue to look for witnesses and ask experts when you have all those S-21 practical machines to make Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea to confess their crimes? Even more, such tribunal would be delighted to make them confess others’ crimes, so a good method to reduce more papers. It is the way they dealt during their time as leaders of Kampuchea Democratic. Even more, both would be condemned to execution and an awful execution as they were at the killing fields. Read More…
Unfortunately The Diplomat closed down the interesting discussion on the Kos Tral issue (see “Cambodia’s Impossible Dream: Koh Tral“.) There are several comments with different arguments in different tones. My last comment was not published, so I do it here in my own home. I have to clarify that my observations are not along with any political party at all and I understand that any position can be used for political purposes, but sovereignty cannot be an object of political interests, although it is a historical fact in different countries and regions. Read More…