Cambodia is a Constitutional Monarchy, which official name is KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA. In Khmer language it is ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា (Preah Riecheanchak Kampuchea). It is relatively a small country of 181,035 kilometers squares, two times smaller than the territory of France, but its Khmer culture goes beyond its borders, especially with the south of Vietnam (the Mekong Delta) where Khmer people is known as “Khmer Kraom” (Lower Cambodia – ខ្មែរកម្ពុជាក្រោម) and some provinces of Thailand like Surin where Khmer people is known as “Khmer Sarin” (ខ្មែរស៊ូរិន). Further than this, many tribes of Laos, Thailand and Vietnam – even Myanmar – keep blood linage with the Khmer people and the bigger family group “Mon-Khmer”. This situation comes from the time when most part of the Indochina Peninsula was the natural expansion area of the Khmer Empire (802-1431) that decayed during the 14th century to give birth to modern states.
With the decay of the Khmer Empire – also known as Angkor Empire – northern tribes like the Thai and Vietnamese, began to found what we know today as Thailand, Laos and Vietnam on most part of the ancient Khmer Empire. This breaking down of the ancient Khmer territory into four states does not come from night to morning. It included battles, concessions, agreements and many events that would give form to the present geopolitical situation.
It means also that the Khmer people were never expelled from those territories, but these peoples, Thai and Vietnamese, mixed with the older settlers. We have to consider also that when we talk about Khmer people, we are talking about many other tribes and groups, not about a single ethnic group. The molting soup of the genesis of these four countries was, anyway, the Khmer ancient culture, religion and language.
There are 25 Cambodian provinces. A province is an administrative division in Cambodia. It is very similar to the French Departments. It is the same as in Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. It has nothing to see with Federal States like the ones of India. The Province (ខេត្ត – Kaeth) is divided in Districts (ស្រុក – Sarok) and each District in Sub-Districts (ឃុំ – Kum), and the Kum in Communes (សង្កាត់ – Sangkat) and, lastly, the Sangkat in villages or quarters (ភូមិ – Pum).
Phnom Penh is, by itself, a Province, but it is called Royal Capital of Phnom Penh (រាជធានីភ្នំពេញ – Riech Tieny Phnom Penh).
|No||Translation||English name||Khmer name||Provincial Capital||Population (2008)||Area (km²)|
|1||Lady Penh Mountain||Phnom Penh Municipality||ភ្នំពេញ||Chamkarmon District||1,501,725||678.46|
|2||Victory Fortress||Banteay Meanchey Province||បន្ទាយមានជ័យ||Serei Saophoan||677,872||6,679|
|3||Lost Scepter||Battambang Province||បាត់ដំបង||Battambang||1,058,174||11,702|
|4||Cham Port||Kampong Cham Province||កំពង់ចាម||Kampong Cham||928,694||4,549|
|5||Chinang Port||Kampong Chhnang Province||កំពង់ឆ្នាំង||Kampong Chhang||472,341||5,521|
|6||Speu Port||Kampong Speu Province||កំពង់ស្ពឺ||Chbar Mon||716,944||7,017|
|7||Big Port||Kampong Thom Province||កំពង់ធំ||Stueng Saen||631,409||13,814|
|8||Kampot (A kinf of three)||Kampot Province||កំពត||Kampot||585,850||4,873|
|9||Central||Kandal Province||កណ្តាល||Ta Khmau||1,265,280||3,568|
|10||Kong Island||Koh Kong Province||កោះកុង||Khemarak Phoumin||117,481||11,160|
|13||Central Mountain||Mondulkiri Province||មណ្ឌលគីរី||Senmonorom||61,107||14,288|
|14||Victory Udor||Oddar Meanchey Province||ឧត្តរមានជ័យ||Samraong||185,819||6,158|
|16||City of King Sihanouk||Preah Sihanouk Province||ព្រះសីហនុ||Sihanoukville||221,396||868|
|17||Sacred Temple||Preah Vihear Province||ព្រះវិហារ||Tbeng Meanchey||171,139||13,788|
|19||Long Forest||Prey Veng Province||ព្រៃវែង||Prey Veng||947,372||4,883|
|20||Jewelery Mountain||Ratanakiri Province||រតនគីរី||Banlung||150,466||10,782|
|21||The Fall of the Siamese||Siem Reap Province||សៀមរាប||Siem Reap||896,443||10,299|
|22||Reed River||Stung Treng Province||ស្ទឹងត្រែង||Stung Treng||111,671||11,092|
|23||Every Mangoe||Svay Rieng Province||ស្វាយរៀង||Svay Rieng||482,788||2,966|
|24||Grand Father Keo||Takéo Province||តាកែវ||Doun Kaev||844,906||3,563|
|25||Southern Bee||Tboung Khmum Province|